It is unfortunate but true that many who survive serious burns have medical complications for years and sometimes decades.  Knowing how to address these medical complications is an important part of planning long-term care.

Initially, treatment is all about establishing stability and promoting wound healing.  Long-term management is necessary to prevent and manage potential complications that may arise in the future. By proactively addressing these issues, burn survivors can minimize the risk of complications, improve their quality of life, and enhance their overall well-being.

One of the most common future medical complications associated with burn injuries is the development of scar tissue and contractures. Scar tissue formation can lead to tightness and restricted mobility in the affected area, making it difficult to move and perform daily activities.

Contractures occur when the skin and underlying tissues become permanently shortened, further limiting movement and function. To address these complications, burn survivors may undergo scar management techniques such as massage, stretching exercises, and wearing compression garments to promote tissue flexibility and prevent contractures. Additionally, surgical interventions such as scar revision or release procedures may be necessary to improve the range of motion and restore function in severely affected areas.

Infections are another significant concern for burn survivors, as damaged skin is more susceptible to bacterial and fungal growth. Infections can delay healing, exacerbate scarring, and lead to systemic complications if left untreated. To prevent infections, those with burn injuries must maintain strict hygiene practices, including frequent wound cleaning and dressing changes.

Antibiotic ointments or oral medications may be prescribed to treat or prevent infections, particularly in cases of open wounds or compromised immune function. Regular monitoring by healthcare professionals is essential to promptly identify and address any signs of infection. ‘

Chronic pain is a common and debilitating consequence of burn injuries, affecting physical function, emotional well-being, and overall quality of life. Individuals may experience neuropathic pain, phantom limb pain, or persistent discomfort related to scar tissue formation. To address chronic pain, a multidisciplinary approach is often necessary. This could include pharmacological interventions, physical therapy, psychological counseling, and alternative pain management modalities such as acupuncture or nerve blocks.

By addressing pain from multiple angles, burn survivors can reduce their reliance on pain medications, improve function, and regain control over their lives.

Burn injuries can have long-term effects on mental health, including depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and body image concerns. Coping with the physical and emotional aftermath of burn injuries requires ongoing support from mental health professionals, support groups, and peer networks.

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and trauma-focused interventions can help individuals process their experiences, challenge negative beliefs, and develop effective coping strategies for managing stress and anxiety. Additionally, mindfulness-based practices and relaxation techniques can promote emotional resilience and improve overall well-being.

Those with burn injuries must prioritize preventive healthcare measures to reduce the risk of future medical complications. This includes regular medical screenings, vaccinations, and lifestyle modifications to manage chronic conditions such as diabetes, hypertension, and obesity, which can exacerbate the risk of complications in burn survivors. By taking proactive steps to prioritize their health and well-being, burn survivors can minimize the impact of future medical complications and live fulfilling, active lives beyond their injuries.

If you or someone you love has suffered a burn injury, please call 1-833-MY-BURNS and visit my website,, for additional resources. I have a nationwide practice representing burn injury survivors and am here and ready to help in every way I can.


Paul Samakow

Attorney Paul Samakow

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